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CDC HIV/AIDS/Viral Hepatitis/STD/TB Prevention News Update

Correction: Prevalence of HIV Infection and HIV Risk Behaviors


American Journal of Drug Addiction and Violence Online (05/98)

Researchers in Michigan surveyed out-of-treatment drug injectors and crack cocaine users in the National Institute on Drug Abuse Cooperative Agreement project to determine the prevalence of HIV infection. Overall, they found an 11.2 percent HIV-positive rate, with a 19 percent prevalence among on-the-street (OTS) homeless. The HIV infection rate among OTS homeless Hispanic males was 29 percent and 32 percent among OTS homeless Hispanic females. OTS homeless African- American females had a 38 percent positive rate. The authors concluded that the use of drug paraphernalia following use by an HIV-infected person, crack-cocaine use, and the frequency of drug injection were strong predictors of HIV incidence. According to the researchers, the findings show that shelter dwelling and OTS homelessness should not be considered equivalent when assessing AIDS patterns. They also suggest that targeted public health interventions be aimed at on-the- street homeless.


Copyright © 1998 -CDC Prevention News Update, Publisher. All rights reserved to Information, Inc., Bethesda, MD. The CDC National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention provides the following information as a public service only. Providing synopses of key scientific articles and lay media reports on HIV/AIDS, other sexually transmitted diseases and tuberculosis does not constitute CDC endorsement. This daily update also includes information from CDC and other government agencies, such as background on Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) articles, fact sheets, press releases and announcements. Reproduction of this text is encouraged; however, copies may not be sold, and the CDC HIV/STD/TB Prevention News Update should be cited as the source of the information. Contact the sources of the articles abstracted below for full texts of the articles.

Information in this article was accurate in June 9, 1998. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.