Associated Press (12.01.08) - Tuesday, December 02, 2008
On World AIDS Day, the European Center for Disease Prevention
and Control (ECDPC) and the World Health Organization issued a
report indicating that the rate of HIV infection in Europe
nearly doubled between 2000 and 2007.
"One challenge faced by all countries is that many of the
people living with HIV are unaware that they are infected,"
said ECDPC Director Zsuzsanna Jakab. A further challenge is
that the groups most affected vary from country to country,
meaning prevention must be approached differently in different
According to the report, Europe's annual rate of new HIV
diagnoses rose to 75 per 1 million people in 2007 from 39 per
1 million people in 2000. Forty-nine European nations logged a
total of 48,892 new HIV cases in 2007. Among the report's
*In all of Eastern Europe, injection drug use was the chief
route of HIV transmission.
*The highest rates of new infections were found in Estonia,
Ukraine, Portugal, and the Republic of Moldova.
*High rates were also noted in Latvia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan,
the United Kingdom, Belarus, and Switzerland.
*Sex between heterosexuals was the main route of transmission
in Central and Western Europe, though infections among men who
have sex with men were rising as well.
*Of heterosexually transmitted cases, about 40 percent were
found among people originating from nations with generalized
Due to incomplete data, Austria, Italy, Monaco, and Russia
were excluded from the study.