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Role of vascular endothelial growth factor/vascular permeability factor in the pathogenesis of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus-infected primary effusion lymphomas.


Blood. 1999 Dec 15;94(12):4247-54. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

Primary effusion lymphomas (PELs), which are rare lymphomas associated with Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (or human herpesvirus-8) infection, present as malignant lymphomatous effusions in body cavities. Because PELs prefer liquid growth, we hypothesized that increased vascular permeability would be required for effusions to form. We found that the PEL cell lines BC-1, BCP-1, and BCBL-1 produce high levels of vascular endothelial growth factor/vascular permeability factor (VEGF/VPF). Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analysis of RNA from the PEL cell lines amplified the 3 VEGF-secreted isoforms: VEGF/VPF(121), VEGF/VPF(145), and VEGF/VPF(165). Two of the PEL cell lines expressed the VEGF/VPF receptor Flt-1, but VEGF/VPF did not stimulate proliferation in these cells. Most (13/14) control SCID/beige mice inoculated intraperitoneally with BCBL-1 cells and subsequently observed or treated with control antibodies developed effusion lymphoma of human cell origin with prominent bloody ascites. In contrast, none (0/9) of the mice treated with a neutralizing antihuman VEGF/VPF antibody developed ascites and effusion lymphoma. These results demonstrate that VEGF/VPF is critical to BCBL-1 growth as effusion lymphoma in mice and suggest that VEGF/VPF stimulation of vascular permeability may be critical to the pathogenesis of PELs.

JOURNAL ARTICLE Animal Capillary Permeability Cell Division Endothelial Growth Factors/*PHYSIOLOGY *Herpesvirus, Kaposi Sarcoma-Associated Human Lymphokines/*PHYSIOLOGY Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/PATHOLOGY/*PHYSIOPATHOLOGY/*VIROLOGY Mice Proto-Oncogene Proteins/PHYSIOLOGY Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/PHYSIOLOGY


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