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Domestic violence and childhood sexual abuse in HIV-infected women and women at risk for HIV.


Am J Public Health. 2000 Apr;90(4):560-5. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and effect of domestic violence and childhood sexual abuse in women with HIV or at risk for HIV infection. METHODS: Participants with HIV or at risk for HIV infection enrolled in the Women's Interagency HIV Study. Childhood sexual abuse; all physical, sexual, and coercive violence by a partner; HIV serostatus; demographic data; and substance use and sexual habits were assessed. RESULTS: The lifetime prevalence of domestic violence was 66% and 67%, respectively, in 1288 women with HIV and 357 uninfected women. One quarter of the women reported recent abuse, and 31% of the HIV-seropositive women and 27% of the HIV-seronegative women reported childhood sexual abuse. Childhood sexual abuse was strongly associated with a lifetime history of domestic violence and high-risk behaviors, including using drugs, having more than 10 male sexual partners and having male partners at risk for HIV infection, and exchanging sex for drugs, money, or shelter. CONCLUSIONS: Our data support the hypothesis of a continuum of risk, with early childhood abuse leading to later domestic violence, which may increase the risk of behaviors leading to HIV infection.

JOURNAL ARTICLE Adolescence Adult Child Child Abuse, Sexual/*STATISTICS & NUMER DATA Cohort Studies Domestic Violence/*STATISTICS & NUMER DATA Female Human HIV Infections/*EPIDEMIOLOGY *HIV-1 Logistic Models Male Multivariate Analysis Prevalence Prognosis Risk Factors Risk-Taking Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. United States/EPIDEMIOLOGY


Information in this article was accurate in June 30, 2000. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.