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Resting energy expenditure in asymptomatic HIV-infected females.


J Womens Health Gend Based Med. 2000 Apr;9(3):321-7. Unique Identifier :

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether resting energy expenditure (REE) is elevated in early, asymptomatic human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected females and to study the contribution of a cytokine, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), to hypermetabolism. Cross-sectional comparison of REE in asymptomatic HIV+ females and a control group matched for age, body mass index (BMI), and fat-free mass (FFM). Twenty-six females aged 35 +/- 7 years (10 HIV+ [mean CD4+ T cell count 636/mm3] and 16 healthy controls) participated in this study. REE was measured by indirect calorimeter using a Deltatrac ventilated hood with a continuous rate of 40 L/min for 30 minutes after a 40-minute equilibrium period. All tests were performed after a 12-hour overnight fast. Twenty-four-hour urinary nitrogen was calculated to correct for respiratory quotient. Body composition was measured by bioelectrical impedance (BioAnalogics, Beaverton, OR). TNF-alpha was measured by ELISA (R & D Systems, Minneapolis, MN). Absolute REE was 17% higher (1755 kcal/kg +/- 410 versus 1497 kcal/kg +/- 197) in the HIV+ group compared with the control group (p < 0.05). REE remained significantly higher in the HIV+ group when REE was adjusted for body composition differences (p = 0.04). Results revealed a 23% higher level of TNF-alpha in the HIV+ subjects (p < 0.01); however, only a weak correlation existed between TNF-alpha and REE (r = .352). This study documented that hypermetabolism and elevated TNF-alpha exist in HIV+ females in the early stages of disease.

JOURNAL ARTICLE Adult Case-Control Studies Comparative Study Diet *Energy Metabolism Female Human HIV Infections/BLOOD/*METABOLISM/URINE Middle Age Tumor Necrosis Factor/METABOLISM


Information in this article was accurate in July 30, 2000. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.