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Metal-ion stoichiometry of the HIV-1 RT ribonuclease H domain: evidence for two mutually exclusive sites leads to new mechanistic insights on metal-mediated hydrolysis in nucleic acid biochemistry.


J Biol Inorg Chem. 2000 Feb;5(1):67-74. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

Crystallographic studies of the Mn(2+)-doped RNase H domain of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 reverse transcriptase (HIV-1 RT) have revealed two bound Mn2+ separated by approximately 4A and surrounded by a cluster of four conserved carboxylates. Escherichia coli RNase H is structurally similar to the RNase H domain of HIV-1 RT, but requires one divalent metal cation for its activity, implying either that the HIV-1 RT RNase H domain contrasts in its ability to bind two divalent metal ions, or that the crystallographic data reflect specific use of Mn2+ and/ or the doping technique employed. Metal binding stoichiometry has been determined for Mn2+ and the biologically more relevant Mg2+ cation by solution calorimetric studies of native and recombinant p66/p51 HIV-1 RT. Three Mn2+ ions bind to HIV-1 RT apo-enzyme: one at the DNA polymerase and two at the RNase H catalytic center, the latter being consistent with crystallographic results. However, only one Mg2+ ion is bound in the RNase H catalytic center. Several mechanistic implications arise from these results, including the possibility of mutually exclusive Mg2+ binding sites that might be occupied according to the specific reaction being catalyzed by the multifunctional RNase H domain. The occurrence of distinct binding stoichiometries for Mg2+ and Mn2+ to multifunctional enzymes has previously been reported.

JOURNAL ARTICLE Calorimetry Crystallography, X-Ray Hydrolysis HIV-1 Reverse Transcriptase/CHEMISTRY/GENETICS/*METABOLISM Manganese/*METABOLISM Models, Molecular Nucleic Acids/*METABOLISM Protein Binding Protein Conformation Recombinant Proteins/CHEMISTRY/GENETICS/METABOLISM Ribonuclease H, Calf Thymus/*METABOLISM Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. Thermodynamics


Information in this article was accurate in August 30, 2000. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.