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Standardization and decomposition of rates: useful analytic techniques for behavior and health studies.


Behav Res Methods Instrum Comput. 2000 May;32(2):357-66. Unique

Standardization and decomposition are widely used analytic techniques in population studies for adjusting the impact of compositional factors on rates. This study demonstrates the application of these methods to behavior and health studies. Bootstrapping is used to estimate standard errors of the component effects and to conduct significance tests for them. The authors have developed a Windows-based computer program that is demonstrated in the study for standardization and decomposition analysis by using empirical data on HIV seropositivity rates in two injection-drug-using populations in the northeastern United States.

JOURNAL ARTICLE *Data Interpretation, Statistical Female Human HIV Seropositivity Male *Models, Statistical *Reference Standards Sex Distribution Software Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. United States/EPIDEMIOLOGY


Information in this article was accurate in September 30, 2000. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.