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Gastrointestinal complications of AIDS: radiologic features.


Radiology. 1986 Mar;158(3):597-603. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

The radiologic features were examined in a retrospective review of 25 patients with gastrointestinal complications of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Factors of risk for AIDS present in these patients included homosexuality (n = 10), intravenous drug abuse (n = 7), multiple blood transfusions (n = 1), and unconfirmed or unknown factors (n = 7). Gastrointestinal abnormalities identified on radiologic studies (including upper gastrointestinal, small bowel, and barium enema studies) were correlated with histopathologic specimens and the results of bacteriologic, viral, fungal, and parasitologic studies. The most common disorders (88%) were candidal esophagitis and cytomegaloviral colitis; neoplastic involvement of the gastrointestinal tract was far less common (12%), with only two patients (8%) having Kaposi sarcoma. Gastrointestinal studies, which can provide useful if not always definitive diagnostic information, are recommended to precede more invasive diagnostic studies in evaluating patients with suspected AIDS.

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/COMPLICATIONS/*RADIOGRAPHY Candidiasis/RADIOGRAPHY Colitis/RADIOGRAPHY Cryptosporidiosis/RADIOGRAPHY Cytomegalovirus Infections/RADIOGRAPHY Esophagitis/RADIOGRAPHY Gastrointestinal Diseases/COMPLICATIONS/*RADIOGRAPHY Human Ileitis/RADIOGRAPHY Infection/COMPLICATIONS/RADIOGRAPHY Mycobacterium Infections/RADIOGRAPHY Sarcoma, Kaposi's/RADIOGRAPHY Stomach Neoplasms/RADIOGRAPHY JOURNAL ARTICLE


Information in this article was accurate in May 30, 1986. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.