Vox Sang. 1986;51 Suppl 1:57-62. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE
To demonstrate the feasibility of using robots in blood banking
applications several prototype systems were developed. Activities
associated with sample testing and component preparation were examined.
In one project, a general-purpose laboratory robot (Zymate Laboratory
Automation System, Zymark, Inc., Hopkinton, Mass.) was configured to
prepare samples for microplate-based ABO/Rh testing. In a second
project, this same robot was configured to carry out specific steps in
evaluating bar-coded labels, as part of a quality control procedure. A
fluid-handling robot (Sampler 505, Tecan AG, Hombrechtikon, Switzerland)
was used to prepare the dilution of serum samples for the evaluation of
an anti-HTLV-III test kit. It was then configured to aspirate, dilute
and dispense samples for anti-HTLV-III and HBsAg testing. This robotic
system is now in field trial. The use of large industrial robots for
automating component production was also considered. The key element in
this design was the development of a fixture that would hold the blood
bag set during the balancing, centrifugation and expressing steps.
However, a fixture which was capable of performing these operations and
that was equivalent in size and adaptable to a standard centrifuge
bucket could not be fabricated.
Antibodies, Viral/ANALYSIS *Automation Blood Banks/*METHODS Blood
Grouping and Crossmatching/METHODS Hepatitis B Surface
Antigens/ANALYSIS Human HTLV-BLV Viruses/IMMUNOLOGY Quality Control