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Reactivity of an HIV gag gene polypeptide expressed in E. coli with sera from AIDS patients and monoclonal antibodies to gag.


Biochim Biophys Acta. 1988 Feb 28;949(2):213-23. Unique Identifier :

A segment of the gag gene of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (HTLV-IIIB strain), the virus which causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), has been cloned into the bacterial expression vector, pCQV2, and mapped to the right-hand portion of the gag gene containing the carboxyl-terminal portion of p24 and the amino-terminal portion of p15. Nucleic-acid sequencing of the insert-vector junctions further defined the 5'-terminal nucleotide of HIV sequence as nucleotide 997 and the 3'-terminal nucleotide as 1696. When used in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) with sera from HIV-infected patients, the cloned antigen reacted with a subset of sera which were positive on a standard ELISA using whole virus as antigen. Western-blot screening of these sera with whole virus indicated that all p24-positive sera were positive with the clone, suggesting that the carboxyl-terminal portion of p24 contains a highly antigenic epitope(s). A serum which was p24-negative p15-positive by Western blot analysis was also highly reactive, indicating that a p15 epitope is present in the cloned antigen. Epitope mapping with a series of monoclonal antibodies to gag resulted in positive ELISA with 2 of 3 anti-p24, 0 of 1 anti-p15, and 0 of 1 anti-p17 Western-blot-positive monoclonal antibodies, suggesting that one of the anti-p24 monoclonal antibodies reacts with epitopes amino-terminal to those coded from nucleotide 997, two anti-p24 monoclonals react with epitopes carboxyl-terminal to those coded from nucleotide 997, and the anti-p15 monoclonal reacts with epitopes carboxyl-terminal to those coded from nucleotide 1696.

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/*IMMUNOLOGY/MICROBIOLOGY Antibodies, Monoclonal/IMMUNOLOGY Antibodies, Viral/*IMMUNOLOGY Antigens, Viral/*GENETICS Cloning, Molecular Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay Epitopes Human HIV/*GENETICS/IMMUNOLOGY HIV Seropositivity/*IMMUNOLOGY Immunosorbent Techniques Retroviridae Proteins/GENETICS/*IMMUNOLOGY JOURNAL ARTICLE


Information in this article was accurate in June 30, 1988. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.