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[Neuropathies and HIV retrovirus infections]




 

Rev Electroencephalogr Neurophysiol Clin. 1987 Dec;17(4):425-35. Unique

Neurologic complications are frequently observed during HIV-related infections and particularly in AIDS. According to the literature, these complications more often pertain to the central nervous system (CNS) than the peripheral nervous system (PNS). A prospective study was carried out in order to determine the frequency and type of PNS disorders during HIV infections, the neurotropism of which is now well established. Forty-one HIV-infected patients - 5 asymptomatic subjects, 14 ARC (AIDS-related complex) and 22 AIDS patients - were studied from a clinical and biological angle; 40 equally underwent an EMG and nervous conduction velocity tests, 26 a lumbar puncture and 25 a nervous biopsy (associated in three cases with a muscular biopsy). The study showed that a PNS-alteration is extremely frequent (36/41, or 88% of all cases), generally mild or even subclinical (17/36); most often, the aspect is that of a sensitive axonal polyneuropathy. More severe types (polyradiculoneuritis, sensorimotor polyneuropathy, etc.) are equally observed, but much rarer. Whatever their form may be, the PNS-lesions can be observed in so-called asymptomatic subjects (2/5) as well as ARC (12/14) and AIDS (22/22) patients. They are the manifestation either of a direct lesion of the nerve through HIV, or of immune mechanisms (of humoral or cellular mediation) or of both mechanisms combined.

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/*COMPLICATIONS/IMMUNOLOGY Adult Biopsy Electromyography English Abstract Female Human Male Microscopy, Electron Neural Conduction Peripheral Nervous System Diseases/*ETIOLOGY/PATHOLOGY/ PHYSIOPATHOLOGY Prospective Studies T-Lymphocytes/CLASSIFICATION JOURNAL ARTICLE



 




Information in this article was accurate in June 30, 1988. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.