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Comparison of immunoperoxidase staining with indirect immunofluorescence, ELISA, and Western blotting assays for detecting anti-HTLV-I antibodies in systemic lupus erythematosus.


J Clin Pathol. 1988 Jan;41(1):57-61. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

Serum antibodies against human T cell leukaemia virus type I (HTLV-I) were investigated in 12 patients by four methods: indirect immunoperoxidase staining, indirect immunofluorescence, enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and strip radioimmunoassay based on the Western blotting assay. Seven patients had systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and five various autoimmune diseases with one or more circulating autoantibodies. Serum samples from three patients were found to be HTLV-I-positive by the ELISA assay and sera from five patients showed a non-specific reaction by indirect immunofluorescence. These sera were negative when tested by indirect immunoperoxidase staining and Western blotting assay. All four methods gave positive results when tested with samples from 19 HTLV-I carriers and 16 patients with adult T cell leukaemia. Indirect immunoperoxidase staining and Western blotting assay are probably useful and more specific assays for the detection of anti-HTLV-I antibodies in samples from patients with autoimmune diseases.

Adult Aged Antibodies, Viral/*ANALYSIS Autoimmune Diseases/IMMUNOLOGY Comparative Study Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay Female Fluorescent Antibody Technique Human HTLV-BLV Viruses/*IMMUNOLOGY Immunoenzyme Techniques Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/*IMMUNOLOGY Middle Age Radioimmunoassay Support, Non-U.S. Gov't JOURNAL ARTICLE


Information in this article was accurate in June 30, 1988. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.