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Virologic and serologic aspects of human immunodeficiency virus infection in infants and children.


Semin Perinatol. 1989 Feb;13(1):16-26. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

Serologic diagnosis of HIV infection in infants and children is made especially difficult by the universal presence of maternal antibodies in blood during the first year of life, technical difficulties associated with the measurement of virus-specific IgM antibodies (except, perhaps, when the mother and, hence, the child have been very recently infected), and the weaker and more limited antibody reactivities revealed by Western blot analysis. Infants in the first year of life who develop reactivities on a Western blot that are different from those of their mothers are almost certainly infected. In addition, infants whose lymphocytes can be stimulated in vitro to produce HIV-specific antibodies of both the IgG and IgM isotypes and whose viral-specific antibodies can be found in the IgG3 subclass are also likely to be infected. Finally, children older than 15 months of age who remain seropositive by Western blot and who have both clinical and immunologic abnormalities consistent with HIV infection are also, doubtlessly, infected.

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/*DIAGNOSIS AIDS Serodiagnosis/*METHODS Child Child, Preschool Human HIV/IMMUNOLOGY/*ISOLATION & PURIF HIV Antibodies/ISOLATION & PURIF HIV Antigens/ISOLATION & PURIF HIV Seropositivity/*DIAGNOSIS Infant Infant, Newborn Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Virus Cultivation/METHODS JOURNAL ARTICLE REVIEW REVIEW, TUTORIAL


Information in this article was accurate in June 30, 1989. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.