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Patterns of T lymphocyte changes with human immunodeficiency virus infection: from seroconversion to the development of AIDS.




 

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1989;2(1):63-9. Unique Identifier :

CD4 and CD8 T lymphocytes of three groups of men infected by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) were examined twice yearly for 36 months to elucidate the temporal trends in T lymphocytes during infection. The three groups were 37 HIV seroconverters, 304 prevalent HIV seropositives remaining free of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), and 69 men who developed AIDS during observation. Six months before seroconversion, CD4 levels were similar among HIV seroconverters and 356 seronegative controls. Within 18 months of seroconversion, mean CD4 levels fell to the level of the prevalent seropositives at study entry. From there, the rate of decline slowed. CD8 lymphocyte counts rose dramatically at seroconversion. Among AIDS-free prevalent seropositives, CD4 levels fell steadily over 36 months of observation. By contrast, CD8 cell levels rose slowly. Among men who developed AIDS, mean CD4 levels fell more rapidly again during the 18 months prior to diagnosis. CD8 cell levels remained elevated until 6-12 months before diagnosis, when they began to fall.

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/*IMMUNOLOGY Antigens, Differentiation, T-Lymphocyte/ANALYSIS Cohort Studies Follow-Up Studies Human HIV Seropositivity/*IMMUNOLOGY Male Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. T-Lymphocytes/*CLASSIFICATION/IMMUNOLOGY JOURNAL ARTICLE



 




Information in this article was accurate in June 30, 1989. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.