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Diseases other than AIDS among IV drug users.


Int Conf AIDS. 1989 Jun 4-9;5:485 (abstract no. B.527). Unique

OBJECTIVE: To describe the distribution of diseases other than AIDS among a cohort of IV drug users. METHODS: As part of a study which tests two interventions to reduce the risk of AIDS among IVDUs, 346 subjects were recruited from drug networks, tested for HIV-1 positivity, and interviewed. Bivariate analyses were performed to assess associations between variables, and relative risks (and 95% confidence intervals) were calculated. RESULTS: Genital sores were reported among 11.3% of the cohort; pneumonia among 18%; hepatitis among 10%; tuberculosis among 6%; gonorrhea among 39%; syphilis among 19%, and genital herpes among 3.5%. Rates varied by race/ethnicity, with whites and Hispanics having twice the reported frequency of hepatitis and herpes of blacks, and tuberculosis seen only in blacks and Hispanics. HIV-1 seropositives were more than twice as likely to report a history of syphilis than seronegatives (1.4-3.4). CONCLUSION: A variety of non-AIDS diseases occur in IV drug using populations which may present opportunities for targeted screening and interventions.

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/*COMPLICATIONS Blacks Cohort Studies Genitalia/MICROBIOLOGY/PATHOLOGY Hispanic Americans Human *HIV-1 Interviews Risk Factors Sexually Transmitted Diseases/*EPIDEMIOLOGY/PATHOLOGY *Substance Abuse, Intravenous Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/COMPLICATIONS Whites ABSTRACT


Information in this article was accurate in September 30, 1990. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.