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AIDS risk in plasma exchange and dialysis.


Int Conf AIDS. 1990 Jun 20-23;6(2):448 (abstract no. 3184). Unique

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the risk of transmission of HIV during plasma exchange programme and dialysis sessions. Analysis of the risk of professional involved in these procedures. METHODS: Our study was on 100 patients who underwent therapeutic plasmapheresis for a number of diseases not related to AIDS (Guillain-Barre Syndrome, Myasthenia Gravis, Renal Rejection) using Haemonetic 30, Haemonetic V50, for the presence of HIV antibody. Replacement fluids used were plasma proteins and Fresh Frozen Plasma. Some received IV-gammaglobulin. Tests were carried out before procedure and later followed them up over the year. The health professionals engaged in the working of the units were also followed up for the same period. 100 patients on dialysis for renal problems were screened - 3 patients were sero-positive before and remained so throughout. RESULT: The 100 patients on plasma exchange programme, 100 patients on dialysis (including 3 who were sero-positive for HIV) and the health professional engaged in these procedures numbering 15 were all found negative expect the 3 sero-positive who remained positive. CONCLUSION: It was concluded in our study that Apheresis procedure or dialysis did not pose a threat to the spread of the HIV infection. With adequate precautions that are usually taken during the procedure, there is no serious risk of HIV transmission through Plasma Exchange and Dialysis procedures.

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/*EPIDEMIOLOGY Dialysis Environmental Exposure Human HIV Infections/TRANSMISSION Plasma Exchange Risk Factors ABSTRACT


Information in this article was accurate in December 30, 1990. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.