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Comparison of HIV test results from counseling and testing sites and other health care settings in New Jersey.


Int Conf AIDS. 1990 Jun 20-23;6(2):414 (abstract no. 3048). Unique

OBJECTIVE: Compare HIV test results and population characteristics from HIV Counseling and Testing sites (CTS) with those from expanded counseling and testing efforts at health care settings in New Jersey from June 1988-August 1989. METHODS: Demographic information without identifiers and HIV test results were collected over a 15 month period (6/88-8/89) for all clients in clinics designed solely for HIV counseling and testing (CTS) and at expansion sites in other health care settings (sexually transmitted disease, drug treatment, etc). Differences in seropositive findings and client characteristics between the site types were analyzed. RESULTS: Nearly 31,000 clients were tested at all sites, with about 11% testing positive for HIV infection. At the CTS sites, 13% of about 16,000 clients were seropositive, while only 8% of nearly 15,000 expansion sites clients were HIV positive (p less than .0001). Significant differences (p less than .0001) in client characteristics during that time period include more of the following groups at CTS sites: homosexual/bisexual men (12.6% vs. 1.3%); intravenous drug user (18.3% vs 13.5%); heterosexual partners of those at risk (14.8% vs 5.7%). The bulk of clients reached through other health care settings were those heterosexuals who had exchanged sex for drugs and/or money (41.6% vs 21.4%) and those with unknown risk (35.3% vs 28.7%). CONCLUSION: The CTS sites are more likely to attract individuals with higher HIV infection rates who are not being served in other health care settings where testing and counseling are available. This emphasizes the importance of these freestanding CTS sites which reach high risk individuals who are not being counseled and tested in other settings.

Counseling Demography Hematologic Tests Human HIV Infections/DIAGNOSIS/*EPIDEMIOLOGY Male New Jersey/EPIDEMIOLOGY Risk Factors Sex Behavior Substance Abuse, Intravenous ABSTRACT


Information in this article was accurate in December 30, 1990. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.