Int Conf AIDS. 1990 Jun 20-23;6(3):106 (abstract no. S.C.42). Unique
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate, in a cross-sectional survey, psyco-social risk
factors for HIV infection among a random sample of 55 street youth in
Belo Horizonte, Brazil, during 1989. METHODS: The participants, from
several Belo Horizonte Institutions dealing with street youth, were
interviewed (using a pre-coded standardized questionnaire) regarding
psyco-social risk factors known to be associated with HIV infection.
RESULTS: Males constituted 87.3% (48/55) of the sample: their mean age
was 14.9 years (range 10-20 years). Sexual activity was reported by 80%.
Among those sexually active, 77.5% related heterosexual relations,
whereas 10% reported homosexual activity with adults and 5% with other
youth. Only 7.3% said to be condom users. Prostitution was reported by
2.4%. Drug use was reported by 84% of the sample; 29% of the users
acknowledge IV drug utilization. The question dealing with drug use
during sexual activity was not answered by 75% of the interviewees.
Regarding HIV/AIDS, 56.3% of the sample reported having knowledge of
this infection/disease, although 63.6% and 61.2% said to know how to get
and how to avoid the infection, respectively. Blood transfusion was
related by 8% of the participants. CONCLUSION: Risk behavior for HIV
infection was reported by a large proportion of the street youth sample
included in this survey. These results indicate the need of establishing
health education/behavior modification programs, specifically targeted
to this population, in order to prevent and decrease their risk for HIV
infection and a possible AIDS epidemic.
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/*EPIDEMIOLOGY/PREVENTION & CONTROL
Adolescence Adult Brazil/EPIDEMIOLOGY Contraceptive Devices, Male
Cross-Sectional Studies Health Education Homeless Persons
Homosexuality Human Interviews Male Questionnaires Random
Allocation Risk Factors *Sex Behavior ABSTRACT