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Risk behavior for HIV infection among street youth in Brazil.


Int Conf AIDS. 1990 Jun 20-23;6(3):106 (abstract no. S.C.42). Unique

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate, in a cross-sectional survey, psyco-social risk factors for HIV infection among a random sample of 55 street youth in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, during 1989. METHODS: The participants, from several Belo Horizonte Institutions dealing with street youth, were interviewed (using a pre-coded standardized questionnaire) regarding psyco-social risk factors known to be associated with HIV infection. RESULTS: Males constituted 87.3% (48/55) of the sample: their mean age was 14.9 years (range 10-20 years). Sexual activity was reported by 80%. Among those sexually active, 77.5% related heterosexual relations, whereas 10% reported homosexual activity with adults and 5% with other youth. Only 7.3% said to be condom users. Prostitution was reported by 2.4%. Drug use was reported by 84% of the sample; 29% of the users acknowledge IV drug utilization. The question dealing with drug use during sexual activity was not answered by 75% of the interviewees. Regarding HIV/AIDS, 56.3% of the sample reported having knowledge of this infection/disease, although 63.6% and 61.2% said to know how to get and how to avoid the infection, respectively. Blood transfusion was related by 8% of the participants. CONCLUSION: Risk behavior for HIV infection was reported by a large proportion of the street youth sample included in this survey. These results indicate the need of establishing health education/behavior modification programs, specifically targeted to this population, in order to prevent and decrease their risk for HIV infection and a possible AIDS epidemic.

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/*EPIDEMIOLOGY/PREVENTION & CONTROL Adolescence Adult Brazil/EPIDEMIOLOGY Contraceptive Devices, Male Cross-Sectional Studies Health Education Homeless Persons Homosexuality Human Interviews Male Questionnaires Random Allocation Risk Factors *Sex Behavior ABSTRACT


Information in this article was accurate in December 30, 1990. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.