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NLM AIDSLINE

Severe combined immunodeficiency in man with an absence of immunoglobulin gene rearrangements but normal T cell receptor assembly.




 

Eur J Immunol. 1990 Sep;20(9):2051-6. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

An autosomal recessive type of severe combined immunodeficiency disease (SCID) was characterized by an absence of immunoglobulins (Ig) in the serum and of Ig+ lymphocytes in bone barrow (BM) and peripheral blood. In the BM CD10+/terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-positive lymphocytes were identified. Epstein-Barr virus-transformed B lymphoblastoid cell lines (BLCL) obtained from BM and peripheral blood did not synthesize Ig. The Ig heavy and light chain gene complexes in the BLCL had retained the germ-line configuration. Mature T cells were present but their numbers in peripheral blood were decreased. T lymphoblastoid cells derived from peripheral blood expressed normal T cell receptor (TcR) CD3 complexes and manifested various genomic TcR rearrangements. It was concluded that this type of SCID entailed a complete arrest of B lymphocyte differentiation in an early stage prior to Ig rearrangements and a quantitative defect of T lymphocytes which nevertheless allowed development of mature T cells. Repeated failures of BM transplantation and the striking absence of Ig assembly suggested that this SCID defect resides in the BM microenvironment.

Antigens, CD/ANALYSIS B-Lymphocytes/IMMUNOLOGY Cell Line Cell Transformation, Viral *Gene Rearrangement *Genes, Immunoglobulin Herpesvirus 4, Human/GENETICS Human Immunoglobulins/ANALYSIS Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes/GENETICS/*IMMUNOLOGY Mutation Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell/*ANALYSIS/GENETICS Support, Non-U.S. Gov't JOURNAL ARTICLE



 




Information in this article was accurate in January 30, 1991. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.