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NLM AIDSLINE

The pathology of the posterior root ganglia in AIDS and its relationship to the pallor of the gracile tract.




 

Acta Neuropathol (Berl). 1992;84(2):163-70. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

The spinal cord and the thoracic and lumbar posterior root ganglia (PRGs) of 14 HIV-positive men and 7 age- and sex-matched controls were studied by routine histology, morphometric analysis of the number of nodules of Nageotte (nN) and the diameters of sensory ganglion cells, immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. In 7 patients (2 of whom had evidence of cytomegalovirus ganglionitis) there were increased numbers of nN and diffuse, mild infiltration with CD45R+ T lymphocytes; no B lymphocytes were observed. Macrophages were increased in number in all cases. Whenever more than one ganglion was examined from the same patient, the appearances were similar in all. There was no alteration in the distribution of ganglion cell diameters. Changes in the spinal cord included vacuolar myelopathy (5 cases), HIV myelitis (1 case), microglial nodules (3 cases) and pallor of the gracile tracts (GTP) in 7 cases, in 6 of whom it co-existed with increased numbers of nN. Seven cases had no abnormalities, except the increase in number of macrophages in PRGs. In spite of a correlation between sensory nerve cell loss and GTP our findings suggest that other mechanisms, such as 'dying back' may contribute to the pathogenesis of GTP. Moreover, sensory disturbances were found most commonly in association with nerve cell loss; however, loss of sensory ganglion cells was not necessarily associated with evidence of sensory impairment.

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/*PATHOLOGY Adult B-Lymphocytes/ULTRASTRUCTURE Ganglia, Spinal/*PATHOLOGY Human Macrophages/ULTRASTRUCTURE Male Middle Age Neurons, Afferent/ULTRASTRUCTURE Peripheral Nervous System Diseases/PATHOLOGY Spinal Cord/*PATHOLOGY Support, Non-U.S. Gov't T-Lymphocytes/ULTRASTRUCTURE JOURNAL ARTICLE



 




Information in this article was accurate in December 30, 1992. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.