Int Conf AIDS. 1992 Jul 19-24;8(2):C295 (abstract no. PoC 4301). Unique
OBJECTIVE. To evaluate the distribution of the HIV-1 epidemic among
California (CA) women, we analyzed HIV-1 seroprevalence and risk factors
among women attending sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics in 21
selected local health jurisdictions. METHODS. Using standardized
protocols developed by the Centers for Disease Control, we tested
unlinked serum specimens from women attending participating STD clinics
in 1989. We analyzed demographic characteristics, HIV risk exposure
groups, and results of HIV-1 antibody testing on 17,210 specimens.
RESULTS. With an overall HIV-1 seroprevalence of 0.57%, rates were
highest for black women, women 25-29 years of age, and injection drug
users. After multiple logistic regression analysis, HIV-1 seropositivity
remained highest for these groups. TABULAR DATA, SEE ABSTRACT VOLUME.
CONCLUSIONS. The rate of HIV-1 infection for women attending STD clinics
in CA underscores the continued need to make HIV counseling and testing
an integral part of routine services for women being evaluated for, or
presenting with, STDs.
Adult Age Factors Blacks California/EPIDEMIOLOGY Human *HIV
Seroprevalence HIV-1/*IMMUNOLOGY Male Middle Age Regression Analysis
Risk Factors Sexually Transmitted Diseases/*IMMUNOLOGY Substance
Abuse, Intravenous/COMPLICATIONS ABSTRACT