AIDS. 1992 Nov;6(11):1365-9. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE MED/93112313
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of HIV-1 infection among
non-intravenous drug user (IVDU) female prostitutes in Spain and to
determine risk factors for HIV-1 infection in this population. DESIGN:
Cross-sectional seroepidemiological study of 519 non-IVDU prostitutes.
SETTING: Four university hospitals. METHODS: All participants completed
a questionnaire and provided a serum sample. Serum samples were tested
for antibodies against HIV-1, hepatitis C virus (HCV) and Treponema
pallidum. RESULTS: Twelve out of the 519 (2.31%) participants were
HIV-1-seropositive. HIV-1 infection was associated with the presence of
both HCV and T. pallidum antibodies, multiple sex partners, longer
history of prostitution, history of genital ulcers and anal intercourse.
Condom use was associated with HIV-1 seronegativity. CONCLUSIONS: The
prevalence of HIV-1 infection in non-IVDU prostitutes in Spain remains
relatively low. Risk increases with a higher rate of sexual exposure and
practices such as anal intercourse and unprotected coitus.
Adolescence Adult Cross-Sectional Studies Female Hepatitis
C/COMPLICATIONS Human HIV Infections/COMPLICATIONS/*EPIDEMIOLOGY HIV
Seropositivity/EPIDEMIOLOGY *HIV-1 Middle Age *Prostitution Risk
Factors Seroepidemiologic Methods Sex Behavior Spain/EPIDEMIOLOGY
Substance Abuse, Intravenous Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Syphilis/COMPLICATIONS JOURNAL ARTICLE