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Endocarditis caused by Rochalimaea quintana in a patient infected with human immunodeficiency virus.


J Clin Microbiol. 1993 Mar;31(3):692-4. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

Rochalimaea quintana and Rochalimaea henselae are closely related, fastidious, gram-negative rickettsiae. Thus far, the spectrum of human Rochalimaea sp. infections has not included endocarditis. We describe a 50-year-old human immunodeficiency virus-positive man who developed endocarditis caused by R. quintana. DNA relatedness studies, which compared our patient's blood culture isolate with known Rochalimaea species, identified the organism as R. quintana. Our report expands the spectrum of Rochalimaea sp. infections and identifies a new infectious cause of endocarditis.

Case Report DNA, Bacterial/GENETICS Endocarditis/ETIOLOGY/*MICROBIOLOGY Erythromycin/THERAPEUTIC USE Fatty Acids/ANALYSIS Gram-Negative Bacteria/CLASSIFICATION/*ISOLATION & PURIF/ PATHOGENICITY Homosexuality Human HIV Seropositivity/*COMPLICATIONS Male Microbial Sensitivity Tests Middle Age Rickettsia Infections/*COMPLICATIONS/DRUG THERAPY United States JOURNAL ARTICLE


Information in this article was accurate in July 30, 1993. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.