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NLM AIDSLINE

Endothelial transdifferentiated phenotype and cell-cycle kinetics of AIDS-associated Kaposi sarcoma cells.




 

Lymphology. 1993 Jun;26(2):79-89. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

The nature of Kaposi sarcoma (KS) (vascular malignancy vs. discordant angiogenesis) and lineage of the progenitor cell remain unclear. Therefore, AIDS-KS enzyme isolate cultures were prepared from excised skin lesions. Endothelial marker positivity for Factor VIII related antigen (F8RAg), Ulex europaeus agglutinin (UEA), and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) were determined by fluorescence microscopy (FM) and flow cytometry FCM). DNA cell-cycle analysis was performed using FCM. KS lesions showed large thick-walled channels (F8RAg and UEA strongly +), narrow vascular slits and thin-walled lakes (F8RAg and UEA weakly +), and non-prominent spindle cells (F8RAg and UEA almost uniformly negative). KS cultures yielded heterogenous populations of spindle, stellate, and flattened endothelial-like cells, displaying positivity for F8RAg (64 +/- 3%; mean +/- SE), UEA (40 +/- 9%), and ACE (81 +/- 9%). When injected subcutaneously in the nude mouse these cells failed to produce tumors. During contact inhibition induced quiescence, KS cultures exhibited a high G2M (18 +/- 3%) compared to non-KS (7 +/- 4%; p < 0.04), evidence of an altered proliferative potential consistent with a transdifferentiated or transformed phenotype.

*Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/COMPLICATIONS *Sarcoma, Kaposi/PATHOLOGY *Skin Neoplasms/PATHOLOGY



 




Information in this article was accurate in November 30, 1993. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.