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Estimating the cost of HIV/AIDS prevention strategies in developing countries.


Int Conf AIDS. 1993 Jun 6-11;9(1):127 (abstract no. WS-D24-6). Unique

OBJECTIVES: To determine the cost of implementing a minimal package of HIV/AIDS prevention measures in all developing countries. METHODS: A convenience sample of case studies, representing six broad HIV prevention strategies in each of four income groupings was sought on the basis of availability of data evidence of effectiveness and generalizability. Data were abstracted from published studies or solicited from project coordinators using a costing questionnaire. Only public sector costs were included in the analysis and converted to 1990 US dollars. RESULTS: Total resource requirements were estimated at USS 2.5 billion. STD treatment and condom social marketing make the largest contribution to cost (40% and 31% respectively). Other interventions directed at the general population, such as mass media campaigns (7%) school education (10%) and blood safety 4%) account for 21% of total cost, interventions targeted at high risk groups (prostitutes and i.v. drug users) for 8%. CONCLUSION: These global resource extrapolations demonstrate the gap between financial needs for HIV/AIDS prevention programmes and current expenditures, estimated at USS 120 million in 1992.

*Developing Countries/ECONOMICS *HIV *HIV Infections/PREVENTION & CONTROL


Information in this article was accurate in November 30, 1993. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.