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An evaluation of a school-based AIDS/HIV education program for young adolescents.


AIDS Educ Prev. 1993 Winter;5(4):327-39. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

This study evaluated the efficacy of a school-based AIDS/human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) education program on 6th and 7th grade students. Using a quasi-experimental pretest-posttest control group design, a control group and an education group (intervention I) received both pretest and posttest questionnaires and a second education group (intervention II) was posttested only. Students were evaluated using a modified version of the Centers for Disease Control's Health Risk Survey. Students who received AIDS education were less likely (p < or = 0.0001) than the control group to report that they had changed their behavior to avoid getting AIDS, but thought they had a greater (p < or = 0.0002) chance of acquiring AIDS as an adult. In the intervention I group, males who had never received prior AIDS instruction were more worried about acquiring AIDS as an adult (p < or = 0.013). In the intervention II group, the education had a significant impact on the level of knowledge about AIDS/HIV infection (p < or = 0.0003) and the degree of tolerance toward students with AIDS (p < or = 0.0008), but the effect was not greater than the learning that occurred in the other 2 groups from testing alone. Students who were pretested were also less worried that they had been exposed to AIDS (p < or = 0.0001), more worried that they would die if they acquired AIDS (p < or = 0.05), and less likely to think AIDS patients should be isolated (p < or = 0.0005). Although this AIDS education program appeared to be moderately successful in this group of younger adolescents, significant learning also occurred fro testing alone.

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/*PREVENTION & CONTROL/ PSYCHOLOGY/TRANSMISSION Adolescence Child Condoms Female *Health Education Human HIV Infections/*PREVENTION & CONTROL/PSYCHOLOGY/TRANSMISSION *Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice Male Red Cross Risk-Taking Sex Behavior *Sex Education Southeastern United States JOURNAL ARTICLE


Information in this article was accurate in May 30, 1994. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.