Resource Logo

Electrolyte and acid-base disorders associated with AIDS: an etiologic review.


J Gen Intern Med. 1994 Apr;9(4):232-6. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

In summary, patients with HIV infection may develop a bewildering variety of electrolyte and acid-base disturbances. Hyponatremia from many causes is common and associated with an increased mortality. Potassium disorders are frequent, with hyperkalemia, even to life-threatening levels, more common than hypokalemia. Disturbances in calcium and uric acid homeostasis are less frequent. Acid-base disorders also complicate the clinical course of AIDS and, as with the electrolyte perturbations, may result from HIV infection itself, the illnesses associated with AIDS, or medications.

*Acid-Base Imbalance/ETIOLOGY Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/*COMPLICATIONS Human *Water-Electrolyte Imbalance/ETIOLOGY JOURNAL ARTICLE REVIEW REVIEW, TUTORIAL


Information in this article was accurate in September 30, 1994. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.