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Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in the New York State prison system, 1990-1991.


J Infect Dis. 1994 Jul;170(1):151-6. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

Three epidemiologically linked multidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis (TB) outbreaks in 1990-1991 involving New York State (NYS) inmates suggested MDR-TB was widespread in NYS prisons. Inmate lists were linked to 1990-1992 TB registries, medical records were reviewed, and movement histories for inmates with MDR-TB were examined within and between prisons and hospitals. In 1990-1991, 171 inmates were diagnosed with TB. This rate (156.2/100,000) was significantly higher than the 1990-1991 US rate (10.4/100,000) and the 1986 rate among NYS inmates (105.5/100,000). Of 171 cases, 155 were cultured-confirmed; 37 (32%) of 116 with drug susceptibilities determined had MDR-TB. Two other inmates with TB before 1990 were diagnosed with MDR-TB in 1990-1991. Of 39 inmates with MDR-TB, 38 (97%) were infected with the human immunodeficiency virus and 34 (87%) have died. These 39 lived in 23 of the 68 NYS prisons while potentially infectious; 12 were transferred through 20 prisons while ill with MDR-TB. Policies of correctional systems on infection control and inmate transfers need to be reevaluated to prevent spread of TB.

Adult Case-Control Studies *Disease Outbreaks Female Follow-Up Studies Human Male New York/EPIDEMIOLOGY *Prisons Retrospective Studies Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant/*EPIDEMIOLOGY JOURNAL ARTICLE


Information in this article was accurate in September 30, 1994. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.