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Clinical experience with atovaquone: a new drug for treating Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia.




 

Am J Med Sci. 1994 Jul;308(1):5-8. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

Atovaquone is a new hydroxynapthoquinone antiprotozoal agent active against Pneumocystis carinii in vitro and in animal models. The authors report an experience using atovaquone to treat 25 patients with mild to moderate P. carinii pneumonia. Eligible patients were treated for 21 days with 750 mg of atovaquone orally three times daily. Prednisone was added when the P(A-a)O2 gradient was between 35-45 mm Hg. Patients were treated under three treatment protocols. Patients in Group 1 participated in one of two randomized comparative drug trials, designed for patients with and without sulfonamide intolerance. Six of seven patients successfully completed treatment, and one patient discontinued treatment because of an adverse reaction (> 5 times baseline increase in transaminase level). Patients in Group 2 were treated with atovaquone for mild to moderate P. carinii pneumonia under a treatment Investigational New Drug protocol because of prior sulfonamide reactions. Fifteen of these 18 patients successfully completed treatment; one died from other complications during treatment and two discontinued treatment for adverse reactions (> 5 times baseline increase in transaminase levels, and a diffuse rash). Serum transaminase levels returned to normal at the end of treatment in all patients with elevated levels. All patients demonstrated clinical resolution of their pneumonia and improvement of pretreatment hypoxemia (Group 1: pretreatment PaO2 = 82 +/- 14 mm Hg, posttreatment PaO2 = 92 +/- 9 mm Hg). Overall, 21 (84%) of 25 patients successfully finished therapy without significant adverse reactions. Atovaquone appears to be an effective and well-tolerated oral treatment for mild to moderate P. carinii pneumonia.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Administration, Oral Adult Antifungal Agents/ADMINISTRATION & DOSAGE/ADVERSE EFFECTS/ *THERAPEUTIC USE AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections/DRUG THERAPY Female Human Male Middle Age Naphthoquinones/ADMINISTRATION & DOSAGE/ADVERSE EFFECTS/ *THERAPEUTIC USE Pneumonia, Pneumocystis carinii/*DRUG THERAPY Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Treatment Outcome CLINICAL TRIAL JOURNAL ARTICLE MULTICENTER STUDY RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL



 




Information in this article was accurate in September 30, 1994. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.