Hosp J. 1993;9(2-3):73-83. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE MED/95104792
Anorexia is a common problem in terminally ill patients. The loss of
appetite brings with it physical, psychological, and social problems.
Effective treatment, therefore, should be multidimensional. The
pharmacist is well-positioned to evaluate the appropriate use of
medications for their effects on appetite, weight gain, mood, nausea,
and anorexia. Studies have demonstrated that megestrol acetate has the
most positive results in patients with advanced cancer and human
immunodeficiency virus. Other medications studied have a less
significant impact. Total parenteral nutrition can also sustain
meaningful life for many terminally ill patients, but it is rarely
successful in alleviating the anorexia associated with terminal illness.
Anorexia/PSYCHOLOGY/*THERAPY Appetite/*DRUG EFFECTS Human
Megestrol/THERAPEUTIC USE Parenteral Nutrition, Total Terminal
Care/*METHODS JOURNAL ARTICLE