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Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 antibody status and changes in risk behavior among drug users.


Ann Epidemiol. 1994 Nov;4(6):466-71. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

The associations of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) antibody status and recent testing with risk behavior change were examined in a cohort of drug users enrolled in a randomized trial of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) education programs at a short-term inpatient detoxification facility. Four hundred ninety-seven subjects completed baseline interviews, and 402 (81%) of them had analyzable follow-up information. Changes in eight ordinal self-reported drug and sexual behaviors were assessed using the cumulative logit model for repeated ordinal response data. There was only limited evidence for differential behavior change by either perceived serostatus or recent testing, which was mainly confined to sharing of injection equipment among those who continued to inject, and condom use.

Adolescence Adult Condoms/STATISTICS & NUMER DATA/UTILIZATION Female Human HIV Seropositivity/COMPLICATIONS/*PSYCHOLOGY HIV-1/*IMMUNOLOGY Male Multivariate Analysis Needle Sharing/*STATISTICS & NUMER DATA *Risk-Taking Sex Behavior/*STATISTICS & NUMER DATA Substance Abuse, Intravenous/COMPLICATIONS/*PSYCHOLOGY Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. JOURNAL ARTICLE


Information in this article was accurate in April 30, 1995. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.