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Recombinant human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) Tat protein sequentially up-regulates IL-6 and TGF-beta 1 mRNA expression and protein synthesis in peripheral blood monocytes.




 

Br J Haematol. 1994 Oct;88(2):261-7. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

In this study we evaluated the effect of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) recombinant Tat protein on mRNA expression and protein synthesis of two inflammatory cytokines-interleukin-6 (IL-6) and transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1)-by peripheral blood (PB) monocytes. Whereas maximal levels of IL-6 protein were recovered in PB monocyte culture supernatants after 24-48 h from the addition of 1 micrograms/ml of recombinant Tat, TGF-beta 1 showed a slower and progressive increase, reaching maximal levels only after 72-96 h of culture. Consistently, the analysis of the steady-state levels of mRNA showed a sharp increase of IL-6 mRNA expression after 24h of culture, with a slow decline thereafter. On the other hand, TGF-beta 1 mRNA expression showed a slow increase only after 72-96 h of culture. Moreover, IL-6 appeared involved in the up-regulation of TGF-beta 1, because the addition of a neutralizing anti-IL-6 antibody to Tat-treated PB monocyte cultures significantly reduced the amounts of TGF-beta 1 recovered in the culture supernatants after 96 h. The present demonstration that HIV-1 Tat protein directly up-regulates IL-6 expression and stimulates TGF-beta 1 production both directly and indirectly, through early IL-6 production, could have important implications in the pathogenesis of HIV-1 disease.

Blotting, Northern Cells, Cultured Gene Products, tat/*PHARMACOLOGY Human *HIV-1 Interleukin-6/*BIOSYNTHESIS/GENETICS Kinetics Monocytes/*DRUG EFFECTS/METABOLISM Recombinant Proteins/PHARMACOLOGY RNA, Messenger/GENETICS Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Transforming Growth Factor beta/*BIOSYNTHESIS/GENETICS Up-Regulation (Physiology)/DRUG EFFECTS JOURNAL ARTICLE



 




Information in this article was accurate in April 30, 1995. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.