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NLM AIDSLINE

Neutralizing monoclonal antibody against a external envelope glycoprotein (gp110) of SIVmac251.




 

AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1995 Apr;11(4):501-8. Unique Identifier :

Three monoclonal antibodies (M318T, M56S and M815) against an external envelope glycoprotein (gp110) of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) mac251 were obtained by immunizing BALB/c mice with recombinant gp110 (rgp110). All three monoclonal antibodies reacted with the surface of cells infected with SIVmac251 but not with that of uninfected counterparts. The binding activity of these monoclonal antibodies against native gp110 was confirmed by means of Western blotting. One of them, M318T neutralized SIVmac251 infection both by cell-free and cell-associated viruses. M318T cross-reacted with human immunodeficiency virus type 2 strains (HIV-2 GH1 and ROD isolates) and SIVmac239 isolates. However, the antibody did not cross-neutralize these viral strains. Epitope mapping revealed that the neutralizing epitope recognized by M318T was localized at 8 residues between amino acids 178 and 185 (KRDKTKEY) in gp110, corresponding to the V2 region of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). Because some antibodies against the V2 region of HIV-1 reportedly neutralize virus infection by interfering with CD4-gp120 interaction, we tested the activity of M318T against the binding of CD4-gp110. However, M318T did not inhibit CD4-gp110 interaction, suggesting the involvement of another unknown mechanism of M318T-mediated neutralization. In analogy with the V2 region of HIV-1, the V2 region of SIV contains a type specific neutralizing epitope recognized by M318T. Although some amino acid sequence in the epitope was conserved for the isolates of SIV and HIV-2 and there was cross-reactivity of the antibody against the strains, neutralization by M318T was associated with a single amino acid (182 T) in the epitope.

Amino Acid Sequence Animal *Antibodies, Monoclonal/BIOSYNTHESIS *Antibodies, Viral/BIOSYNTHESIS Antigens, Viral/GENETICS Cross Reactions Cytopathogenic Effect, Viral Epitope Mapping HIV Antigens/GENETICS HIV-1/GENETICS/IMMUNOLOGY HIV-2/GENETICS/IMMUNOLOGY Mice Mice, Inbred BALB C Molecular Sequence Data Neutralization Tests Recombinant Proteins/IMMUNOLOGY Retroviridae Proteins/GENETICS/*IMMUNOLOGY Sequence Homology, Amino Acid SIV/GENETICS/*IMMUNOLOGY/PATHOGENICITY Viral Envelope Proteins/GENETICS/*IMMUNOLOGY JOURNAL ARTICLE



 




Information in this article was accurate in November 30, 1995. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.