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[Primary HIV infection. Clinical and serologic characteristics]


Rev Med Chil. 1995 Jan;123(1):74-80. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

An acute clinical picture of variable intensity may occur during the initial primary phase of HIV infection, it may however pass unnoticed. We report 12 seronegative subjects (11 male homosexuals, 1 female heterosexual, aged 18 to 44 years old), that presented an acute clinical picture preceding seroconversion. All had a sudden beginning, resembling an acute mononucleosis in 10 and with an aseptic meningitis in two. Intensity and duration were variable, lasting a mean of 14 (range 5-44) days an remaining asymptomatic thereafter. Most patients presented a discrete leukopenia with lymphopenia at the expense of CD4 lymphocytes, followed by an absolute lymphocytosis in some, with an increase in CD8 lymphocytes. All became positive for HIV; circulating HIV antigen was identified in three and IgM anti-HIV antibodies were detected during the symptomatic period by third generation ELISA in other three. It is concluded that the clinical picture of primary HIV infection has identifiable clinical serological and immunological features and its recognition has diagnostic and preventive implications.

Adolescence Adult AIDS Serodiagnosis CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/IMMUNOLOGY CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/IMMUNOLOGY English Abstract Female Follow-Up Studies Human HIV Infections/DIAGNOSIS/*IMMUNOLOGY Male Support, Non-U.S. Gov't JOURNAL ARTICLE


Information in this article was accurate in January 30, 1996. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.