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Targeting intervention strategies.




 

3rd Conf Retro and Opportun Infect. 1996 Jan 28-Feb 1;:169. Unique

In 1994, CDC received 80,691 new reports of Americans with severe HIV disease. The 1994 reported cases equal about one-fifth of all U.S. AIDS cases reported since 1981(441,528 through December 1994). Nationally, the proportion of AIDS cases among racial/ethnic minorities, women, and children continues to increase. With greater heterogeneity and increasing numbers of persons with HIV infection and AIDS, prevention programs for the general population are important because any individual can engage in behaviors that increase risk of HIV infection. However, although every community and population group has been touched by AIDS, most new cases of HIV infection are occurring in specific populations. Targeting prevention efforts to populations with high incidence of HIV/AIDS, such as homosexual and bisexual men, injecting drug users, and heterosexuals with high races of sexually transmitted diseases, could significantly reduce the numbers of new HIV infections and provide need support for maintenance of behavior changes. Effective interventions targeted to high risk populations can be highly cost-effective.

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/EPIDEMIOLOGY/*PREVENTION & CONTROL HIV Infections/EPIDEMIOLOGY/*PREVENTION & CONTROL Human Incidence Intervention Studies Risk Factors Sex Behavior Substance Abuse, Intravenous United States/EPIDEMIOLOGY ABSTRACT



 




Information in this article was accurate in November 30, 1996. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.