Int Conf AIDS. 1996 Jul 7-12;11(1):187 (abstract no. Mo.D.1777). Unique
Objective: We analysed more than 40 studies. A total of about 1500
persons were treated in all the studies combined. In most of the studies
( greater than 20) the treated persons were homo/bisexual men. The mean
age is 35. The mean, since time of diagnosis, was 28 months. The average
amount of sessions was 13. The control of medication was carried out
only in some studies. Classification of the studies to the types of
intervention: 1. Cognitive behavioral, 2. Stress-inoculation trainings,
3. Hypnotherapy/ Relaxation, 4. Humanistic (e.g. Rogers), 5. Sports, 6.
Aerobic. Method: We calculated effects sizes separately for intervention
and control groups and tested later for differences between the groups.
Results: There is an over all superiority of the cognitive behavioral
interventions in the domains of anxiety, depression, partly in symptoms.
The humanistic forms were better for quality of life. Relaxation when
systematically used, leads to a decrease of anxiety (r=-.27) in
comparison with other interventions which do not use relaxation (r=.
17), (p is less than .10). Concerning improvement of psychological and
physical symptoms, interventions which systematically used relaxation
were more sucessfull (r=-.20) than interventions without relaxation
r=-.11), (p is less than .06). Conclusion: Interventions using
techniques like relaxation, cognitive changing strategies, inner
communication were more successful in reducing anxiety (r=-.26) than
other interventions (r=-.13), (p is less than .005). Differences in
reducing depression were also statistically significant. Interventions
using this type of technique showed a reduction (r=-.29), without these
techniques (r=-.15), (p is less than .05).