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Hepatitis B and C infection in HIV-infected Albertans.


Int Conf AIDS. 1996 Jul 7-12;11(1):170 (abstract no. Mo.C.1673). Unique

Objective: To examine the frequency of hepatitis markers in HIV-infected Albertans and their association with self identified HIV risk factors and ethnicity. Methods: Data base review of 801 patients in Northern Alberta HIV Outpatient Program registry. Results: 333 (42%) patients had markers for hepatitis B - 263 79%) were positive for hepatitis B surface antibody, 62 (19%) had hepatitis B surface antigen, and 48 (14%) hepatitis B core antibody. Seventy-four patients (9%) were hepatitis C antibody positive. Fourty-three patients (5%) had markers of both hepatitis B and hepatitis C. Self-identified principal risk factors for HIV infection within each of the hepatitis positive groups compared to the total HIV population are tabled below. The IVDU group included sexually active individuals.(table: see text) In patients with sexually acquired HIV, only 11/583 (1.9%) had hepatitis C markers compared to 60/162 (37%) of HIV-infected IVDU. 60/74 (81%) of hepatitis C positive HIV-infected patients admitted to IVDU. Though only 11% of the total clinic attenders in whom ethnicity data were available (711) identified as aboriginal, 31% (17/55) of patients with hepatitis C and 12% 37/309) of patients with hepatitis B markers were aboriginal. An aboriginal origin was claimed in 38/134 (28%) of admitted IVDU. Conclusions: In our HIV population hepatitis C overwhelmingly correlated to IVDU.



Information in this article was accurate in January 30, 1997. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.