Resource Logo

[Rates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in intravenous drug addicts from the Barcelona area, according to sex and age of drug consumption onset]


Med Clin (Barc). 1996 Jan 27;106(3):87-90. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

BACKGROUND: The differences in the rates of HIV infection in intravenous drug addicts according to the age of onset of drug consumption, sex and length of intake were evaluated. METHODS: The study sample was made up of 650 intravenous drug addicts (535 males and 115 females) admitted to a Hospital Detoxication Unit over 7 years (1987-1993). Of all these patients HIV serology and a questionnaire related to sociodemographic variables and drug consumption (age, sex, year of onset of intravenous drug intake, length of addiction and year of admission) were obtained. RESULTS: The rate of HIV infection for any length of addiction was higher in females than in males with this difference being significant for a length of addiction of less than 24 months (p = 0.03). The greater the age of onset in the use of intravenous drugs the lower the rate of HIV infection (p < 0.0001). In addiction times of less than 24 months the subjects who began drug consumption at an earlier age than the mean (19 years) presented significantly higher HIV infection rates (p = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Among the intravenous drug consumers in the area of Barcelona, Spain subgroups may be found: those who enter the consumption of intravenous drugs early and women, demonstrating high rates of HIV seroprevalence from the onset of their addiction.

*HIV Infections/EPIDEMIOLOGY *Substance Abuse, Intravenous/COMPLICATIONS


Information in this article was accurate in April 30, 1997. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.