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[Usefulness of cerebral biopsy in focal cerebral lesions in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection]


Med Clin (Barc). 1996 Nov 30;107(19):738-41. Unique Identifier :

Brain mass lesions (BML) occurred in 10% of patients infected by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), as expression of severe and sometimes treatable diseases. However, the management of them is not well established. We analyzed, retrospectively, 26 brain biopsies (22 estereotaxic) in patients with HIV infection and BML to know their usefulness and safety. The inclusion criteria were: Failure of the anti-Toxoplasma empirical treatment, atypical scan appearance for toxoplasmosis, or severe neurological picture. Brain biopsy yielded a diagnosis in 19 patients (73.1%): Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (n = 8; 30.8%), primary central nervous system lymphoma (n = 6; 23.1%), mycobacteriosis (n = 2; 7.7%), toxoplasmosis (n = 2; 7.7%), criptococcosis (n = 1), cryptosporidiosis (n = 1) and HIV-encephalitis (n = 1). In one case there was a multiple diagnosis: mycobacteriosis, toxoplasmosis, and lymphoma. Brain biopsy results decided a change in therapy in 65.4%, the resolution or improvement of the neurological process in 30.8%, and the determination of the prognosis in 30.8%. In 8 cases 30.7%) there were biopsy complications, with secondary mortality in one. Brain biopsy of BML in HIV-infected patients is a diagnostic method with a high overall diagnostic rentability and uncommon non reversible complications, offering the possibility to prescribe a specific and potentially curative treatment.



Information in this article was accurate in June 30, 1997. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.