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NLM AIDSLINE

[HIV infection in old age: an epidemiological and clinical study in 42 patients in the Community of Madrid]




 

Rev Clin Esp. 1997 Oct;197(10):684-9. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

A cross-sectional study was conducted at diagnosis of HIV infection in 42 patients aged > or = 60 years attended in two hospitals in the Madrid Community. Clinical and epidemiologic characteristics were retrospectively analyzed. Mean age was 64 years, 38 patients (90.4%) were males, and 24 (57.1%) met the AIDS criteria at diagnosis. Risk behaviour: 14 (33.3%) heterosexuals, 13 (30.9%) homosexuals, 3 (7.1%) bisexuals, 3 7.1%) had received blood derivatives, 2 (4.7%) transfused patients, 1 (2.3%) parenteral drug abuser, 1 (2.3%) others and 5 11.9%), unknown. In 18 (42.8%) patients there was a delay of diagnosis of 7.5 +/- 1.2 months (range: 1.5-24 months). These patients had lymphocyte counts lower than those diagnosed without delay (102 +/- 20 vs 262 +/- 67.10(9)/l, p < 0.01). Patients without AIDS criteria had a likelihood of 15.4% of progression towards AIDS at one year. The survival rate of patients with AIDS at one year was 50.1%. Patients with AIDS and diagnostic delay had a survival rate at one year lower than that in patients without diagnostic delay (30.7% vs 77.8%, p = 0.03). In summary, a predominant sexual transmission was found in our series. Delay of diagnosis entails a greater clinical and immunologic deterioration and a lower survival at one year. Early diagnosis and therapy with anti-retroviral agents might induce a longer survival in these patients.

*HIV Infections/EPIDEMIOLOGY *HIV-1 *Urban Population/STATISTICS & NUMER DATA



 




Information in this article was accurate in March 30, 1998. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.