Resource Logo
NLM AIDSLINE

Human CD8+ TCR-alpha beta(+) and TCR-gamma delta(+) cells modulate autologous autoreactive neuroantigen-specific CD4+ T-cells by different mechanisms.




 

J Neuroimmunol. 1997 Dec;80(1-2):47-64. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

To investigate the regulatory interactions among autologous T-cells during the course of multiple sclerosis (MS), proteolipid protein peptide-specific CD4+ T-cell clones (TCCs) were irradiated and used as immunogens to stimulate purified populations of autologous CD8+ TCR-alpha beta+ and TCR-gamma delta+ T-cells isolated from the peripheral blood of MS patients, patients with other non-inflammatory neurological diseases, and healthy blood donors. The resulting blasts were expanded in the presence of hIL-2 and then cloned by limiting dilution. Two different groups of CD8+ TCCs were revealed. A first group of CD8+ TCCs recognized autologous CD4+ T-cells based in their TCRV beta structures (anti-idiotypic responsiveness). A second group of CD8+ TCCs recognized Ag activated autologous CD4+ TCCs irrespective of their Ag specificity or TCRV beta expression anti-ergotypic responsiveness). Both groups showed MHC class I restricted cytotoxicity against CD4+ T-cells and were able to secrete IFN-gamma, TNF alpha/beta and TGF-beta. TCR-gamma delta+ TCCs isolated in response to stimulation with autologous peptide-specific CD4+ TCCs showed only anti-ergotypic cytotoxicity, which was not inhibited by anti-MHC class Ia monoclonal antibodies. Moreover, they were able to secrete IFN-gamma and TNF alpha/beta, but not TGF-beta. These data demonstrate that regulatory mechanisms among human autologous T-cells can be mediated by cytolytic interactions or by the release of specific cytokines. Furthermore, they provide evidence that CD8+ TCR-alpha beta+ and TCR-gamma delta+ cells differ in their patterns of recognition and in their abilities to modulate the immune response mediated by autologous autoreactive CD4+ T-cells.

*Autoantigens/IMMUNOLOGY *CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/IMMUNOLOGY *CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/IMMUNOLOGY *CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/METABOLISM *Epitopes/IMMUNOLOGY *Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta/IMMUNOLOGY *Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, gamma-delta/IMMUNOLOGY



 




Information in this article was accurate in March 30, 1998. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.