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NLM AIDSLINE

Stimulation of HIV-1-neutralizing antibodies in simian HIV-IIIB-infected macaques.




 

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998 Jan 6;95(1):276-81. Unique Identifier :

Previously we have discovered a public idiotope, designated 1F7, that is expressed on antibodies against HIV type 1 (HIV-1) in human and nonhuman primates. To test the potential of mouse monoclonal antibody (mAb) 1F7 as a therapeutic anti-clonotypic antibody in HIV-1-infected patients, we used the simian HIV-IIIB macaque infection model, which mimics several immunological and pathological characteristics of HIV-1 infection in humans. Four healthy simian HIV-infected rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) expressing the 1F7 marker on anti-gp120 antibodies were selected for this study. Three monkeys of this group were immunized several times with the murine mAb 1F7 i.v., and one monkey received as control an isotype-matched antibody, TEPC183. No serious side effect or allergic reaction was encountered. Blood collected before and during the immunization and over several months afterward were analyzed for neutralizing antibodies. Significant increases in breadth and potency of HIV-1-neutralizing antibody titers to one or more virus strains were detected in all three of the 1F7-immunized monkeys, but not in the control monkey immunized with TEPC183. These results show that an antibody, recognizing a public idiotope associated with anti-HIV-1 antibodies can function in chronically infected primates as an anti-clonotypic immunogen to boost antibodies that neutralize homologous and heterologous virus strains. This study represents a first step toward the preclinical evaluation of 1F7 as a therapeutic AIDS vaccine.

*AIDS Vaccines/IMMUNOLOGY *HIV Antibodies/BIOSYNTHESIS *HIV Envelope Protein gp120/IMMUNOLOGY *HIV-1/IMMUNOLOGY *Vaccines, Synthetic/IMMUNOLOGY



 




Information in this article was accurate in April 30, 1998. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.