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Inhibitory effect of biphalin and AZT on murine Friend leukemia virus infection in vitro.


Int J Immunopharmacol. 1998 Sep;20(9):457-66. Unique Identifier :

Biphalin is a bivalent opioid analogue containing two tyrosine residues. We have examined the effect of biphalin's anti-retroviral potency in vitro using a murine model. Biphalin, in non-cytotoxic concentrations, suppressed in a dose-dependent fashion the replication of Friend leukemia virus (FLV) in Mus dunni cells as determined using a focus forming assay. FLV replication was substantially reduced by biphalin at 10(-4) M concentration. When biphalin was combined with 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine (AZT) the two acted synergistically in inhibiting FLV replication compared to either used alone. Using a reverse transcriptase (RT) assay, FLV RT levels also were noted to be reduced in the presence of biphalin. These observations indicate that biphalin possesses anti-retroviral activity in vitro, suggesting that this opioid peptide should be examined further in vivo to determine if it is a candidate for combined therapy with AZT and possibly other drugs for retrovirus infections including the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

JOURNAL ARTICLE Antiviral Agents/*PHARMACOLOGY Cell Line Dose-Response Relationship, Drug Enkephalins/*PHARMACOLOGY Friend Virus/*DRUG EFFECTS/PHYSIOLOGY Human RNA-Directed DNA Polymerase/METABOLISM Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. Virus Replication/DRUG EFFECTS Zidovudine/*PHARMACOLOGY


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