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Pregnancy & perinatal transmission update.


World. 1998 Sep;(89):6-7. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE AIDS/99704209

According to a June 1998 report from UNAIDS, the majority of children infected with HIV acquired it from their mothers during or near birth. One way to prevent perinatal transmission of HIV is to increase prevention efforts for women. Other ways to prevent perinatal transmission include using AZT treatment, avoiding breastfeeding, and choosing a C-section delivery instead of a vaginal delivery. One important study, called the Thai study, promoted a shorter course of AZT therapy that was less expensive, more accessible, and still prevented transmission in many cases. Several reasons are cited for why some women continue breastfeeding, despite the increased risk of transmitting HIV to their babies. An important factor in preventing perinatal transmission is the overall health of the mother, and her ability to maintain her health and treatment regimen while caring for a newborn.

NEWSLETTER ARTICLE Anti-HIV Agents/ECONOMICS/*THERAPEUTIC USE Breast Feeding Cesarean Section Developing Countries *Disease Transmission, Vertical Drug Costs Female HIV Infections/*PREVENTION & CONTROL/*TRANSMISSION Health Promotion Human Infant, Newborn Pregnancy *Pregnancy Complications, Infectious Vitamins Zidovudine/ECONOMICS/*THERAPEUTIC USE


Information in this article was accurate in July 30, 1999. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.