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Lymphocyte deficiencies increase susceptibility to friend virus-induced erythroleukemia in Fv-2 genetically resistant mice.




 

J Virol. 1999 Aug;73(8):6468-73. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

The study of genetic resistance to retroviral diseases provides insights into the mechanisms by which organisms overcome potentially lethal infections. Fv-2 resistance to Friend virus-induced erythroleukemia acts through nonimmunological mechanisms to prevent early virus spread, but it does not completely block infection. The current experiments were done to determine whether Fv-2 alone could provide resistance or whether immunological mechanisms were also required to bring infection under control. Fv-2-resistant mice that were CD4(+) T-cell deficient were able to restrict early virus replication and spread as well as normal Fv-2-resistant mice, but they could not maintain control and developed severe Friend virus-induced splenomegaly and erythroleukemia by 6 to 8 weeks postinfection. Mice deficient in CD8(+) T cells and, to a lesser extent, B cells were also susceptible to late Friend virus-induced disease. Thus, Fv-2 resistance does not independently prevent FV-induced erythroleukemia but works in concert with the immune system by limiting early infection long enough to allow virus-specific immunity time to develop and facilitate recovery.

JOURNAL ARTICLE Animal CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/*IMMUNOLOGY CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/*IMMUNOLOGY Disease Susceptibility/IMMUNOLOGY Female Friend Virus/*IMMUNOLOGY Immunity, Natural Leukemia, Erythroblastic, Acute/*IMMUNOLOGY Leukemia, Experimental/*IMMUNOLOGY Male Mice Mice, Inbred C57BL Retroviridae Infections/*IMMUNOLOGY Tumor Virus Infections/*IMMUNOLOGY



 




Information in this article was accurate in October 30, 1999. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.