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Effect of scaffold attachment region on transgene expression in retrovirus vector-transduced primary T cells and macrophages.


Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE MED/99291790

The scaffold attachment region of the human interferon beta gene (IFN-SAR) inserted into a retroviral vector improved transgene expression in human primary CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, and in primary monocytemacrophages. In T cells, expression of the Maloney murine leukemia virus (Mo-MuLV)-based retroviral vectors was high in activated cells but low in resting cells. Addition of the IFN-SAR sequence enhanced vector expression 2- to 10-fold, and the effect was particularly pronounced in resting T cells. In CD33+CD14+CD4+ monocyte-macrophages derived from transduced hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) in vitro, the IFN-SAR enhanced vector expression three- to sixfold. We have used the IFN-SAR-containing vectors to express the RevM10 gene, a trans-dominant mutant of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) rev gene. Compared with a standard retroviral vector, the IFN-SAR-containing vector was significantly (p < 0.01) more potent at inhibiting HIV-1 replication in infected CD4+ peripheral blood lymphocytes. In monocytes, however, addition of the IFN-SAR did not significantly improve antiviral efficacy. To


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