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HIV and the returning expatriate.


J Travel Med. 1999 Jun;6(2):99-106. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

Worldwide seroprevalence of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) was estimated at 29.4 million at the end of 1996 with 75-85% of infections in adults transmitted through sexual intercourse, and by heterosexual intercourse in more then 70%. SubSaharan Africa is currently the area most heavily affected but over the past 5 years rapid spread of the virus has occurred in Asia. No developing country is free of HIV infection and HIV infection acquired abroad now accounts for most of heterosexually acquired HIV infection presenting in the (United Kingdom) UK, accounting for 25% of new HIV cases in the UK in the year to end March 1995 and 18% in the year to end March 1996, and at least 38% of new cases in Scotland in 1996.

JOURNAL ARTICLE REVIEW REVIEW, TUTORIAL Human HIV Infections/*DIAGNOSIS/*PREVENTION & CONTROL *International Cooperation Risk Factors *Travel *Voluntary Workers World Health


Information in this article was accurate in November 30, 1999. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.