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Sendai virus-based production of HIV type 1 subtype B and subtype E envelope glycoprotein 120 antigens and their use for highly sensitive detection of subtype-specific serum antibodies.


AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1999 Aug 10;15(12):1109-20. Unique Identifier

We previously described a Sendai virus (SeV)-based expression system for the recombinant gp120 of HIV-1 subtype B (rgp120-B), which has permitted the production of antigenetically and functionally authentic gp120 at a concentration as high as 6 microg/ml of culture supernatant (Yu D et al.: Genes Cells 1997;2:457-466). Here the same procedure was successfully applied to the production of HIV-1 subtype E gp120 (rgp120-E). The remarkable production of the proteins by the SeV expression system enabled us to use crude culture supernatants for serological and functional studies of gp120s. The immunological authenticity of rgp120-E was verified by patient sera and anti-V3 loop monoclonal antibodies specific for HIV-1 subtypes B and E. CD4-binding properties were corroborated by FACS analyses. The rgp120s were then used in an enzyme immunoassay (rgp120-EIA) to detect antibodies in the sera of HIV-1-infected individuals, and the performance was assessed in comparison with a conventional V3 loop peptide EIA (V3-EIA). The initial evaluation of a serum panel (n = 164) consisting of 76 subtype E and 88 subtype B sera revealed that the rgp120-EIA was nearly 1000-fold more sensitive than the V3-EIA and was able to detect subtype-specific antibody with 100% sensitivity and with a complete correlation with the genotypes, whereas the V3-EIA failed to detect 9 and 24% of the same subtype E and B sera, respectively. Furthermore, a study employing a panel of 28 international sera with known genotypes (HIV-1 subtypes A through F) confirmed the remarkable specificity of this method. An EIA reactivity higher than 1.0 was an unambiguous predictor of HIV-1 subtype E and B infections. The data imply the presence of strong subtype-specific epitopes for antibody bindings to these rgp120s.

JOURNAL ARTICLE Antibodies, Viral/*BLOOD Base Sequence Blotting, Western Cloning, Molecular DNA Primers Flow Cytometry Human HIV Envelope Protein gp120/*GENETICS/IMMUNOLOGY HIV Infections/DIAGNOSIS/IMMUNOLOGY HIV-1/*IMMUNOLOGY Immunoenzyme Techniques Paramyxovirus/*GENETICS Recombinant Proteins/GENETICS/IMMUNOLOGY Sensitivity and Specificity Support, Non-U.S. Gov't


Information in this article was accurate in November 30, 1999. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.