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Long-lasting decrease of CD4+/CD45RA+ T cells in HCL patients after 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine (2-CdA) treatment.




 

Leukemia. 1999 Aug;13(8):1254-7. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

The CD45RA and CD45RO isoforms of the leukocyte common antigen identify functionally distinct CD4+ T cell subsets: CD4+/CD45RA+ cells which represent a more 'naive' stage of T cell compartment and CD4+/CD45RO+ 'memory' cells. Phenotypic and functional abnormalities in T cell compartment have been frequently reported in patients with hairy cell leukemia (HCL) and, in more recent studies, a significant reduction in the absolute number of CD4+ lymphocytes bearing the CD45RO antigen has also been recorded. In our study we evaluated the CD45RA and CD45RO expression on CD4+ T cells by three-color staining in flow cytometry in 38 HCL patients, 19 untreated and 19 previously treated with 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine (2-CdA), administered at a daily dose of 0.1 mg/kg c.i. for 7 days. In HCL untreated patients, the proportion and the absolute number of CD4+/CD45RA+ and of CD4+/CD45RO+ T cell subsets were similar to normal controls. In contrast, HCL patients at 3-5 years by the end of treatment with 2-CdA, together with a reduction in the absolute number of CD4+ T cells, showed a persistent and significant decrease in the proportion and absolute number of CD4+/CD45RA+ cells as compared with both untreated HCL patients and normal controls (41 +/- 16% vs 57 +/- 14% and vs 65 +/- 7%) (P = 0.01 and 0.0001) and (0.201 +/- 0.137 x 10(9)/l vs 0.549 +/- 0.238 x 10(9)/l and vs 0.696 +/- 0.078 x 10(9)/l) (P = 0.00009 and P = 0.00001). In addition, together with the reduction of CD4+/CD45RA+ cells, we recorded a concomitant increase in the proportion of the CD4+/CD45RO+ cells as compared to untreated HCL patients and normal controls (62 +/- 16% vs 47 +/- 15% and vs 42 +/- 12%) (P = 0.08 and 0.02). These findings may suggest that CD4+/CD45RA+ cells are more sensitive than CD4+/CD45RO+ to the toxic effect of 2-CdA.

JOURNAL ARTICLE Adult Aged Antigens, CD45/IMMUNOLOGY Antineoplastic Agents/*ADMINISTRATION & DOSAGE Cladribine/*ADMINISTRATION & DOSAGE CD4 Lymphocyte Count/DRUG EFFECTS CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/*IMMUNOLOGY/PATHOLOGY Female Human Leukemia, Hairy Cell/*DRUG THERAPY/*IMMUNOLOGY/PATHOLOGY Male Middle Age Pregnancy Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Time Factors



 




Information in this article was accurate in November 30, 1999. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.