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Discontinuation rates for protease inhibitor regimens containing ritonavir 600 mg versus ritonavir 400 mg plus saquinavir 400 mg.


Ann Pharmacother. 1999 Sep;33(9):899-905. Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE

OBJECTIVE: A retrospective study was performed to determine whether twice-daily ritonavir 400 mg plus twice-daily saquinavir 400 mg (ritonavir 400/saquinavir 400) was better tolerated than ritonavir 600 mg twice daily (ritonavir 600). A secondary objective was to determine whether the rate of discontinuation due to therapeutic failure differed between the two ritonavir regimens. DESIGN: The study was a retrospective chart review. Data collected included ritonavir dose; length of ritonavir therapy; reason for discontinuation; HIV-1 RNA prior to and at discontinuation of ritonavir therapy; CD4+ count; and antiretroviral therapy prior to, concomitant with, and initiated after ritonavir therapy. SETTING: Patient charts were reviewed in a university teaching hospital clinic. PATIENTS: Patients were identified through a search of the pharmacy database from December 18, 1995, to December 18, 1997. Patients were > 18 years old, but not restricted by gender or race. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The main outcome measures were frequency of discontinuation of ritonavir due to intolerance or due to lack of therapeutic efficacy. RESULTS: The search identified 116 patients, including 57 patients taking ritonavir 400/saquinavir 400 and 54 patients taking ritonavir 600. Five patients on other ritonavir regimens were excluded. Significantly fewer patients receiving ritonavir 400/saquinavir 400 (14%) discontinued ritonavir due to intolerance compared with ritonavir 600 (37%; p = 0.002). Discontinuations due to therapeutic failure were not significantly different: 8.8% for ritonavir 400/saquinavir 400 and 7.4% for ritonavir 600, despite the fact that ritonavir/saquinavir therapy followed another protease inhibitor in 41 patients (73.2%) compared with 12 patients (24.5%) for ritonavir 600 (p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Ritonavir 400/saquinavir 400 is better tolerated than ritonavir 600.

JOURNAL ARTICLE Adult Anti-HIV Agents/THERAPEUTIC USE Diarrhea/CHEMICALLY INDUCED Dose-Response Relationship, Drug Drug Evaluation Drug Therapy/STATISTICS & NUMER DATA Drug Therapy, Combination Female Gastrointestinal Diseases/CHEMICALLY INDUCED Human HIV Infections/*DRUG THERAPY Male Middle Age Nausea/CHEMICALLY INDUCED Protease Inhibitors/ADVERSE EFFECTS/*THERAPEUTIC USE Retrospective Studies Ritonavir/ADVERSE EFFECTS/*THERAPEUTIC USE Saquinavir/ADVERSE EFFECTS/*THERAPEUTIC USE Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Treatment Outcome Vomiting/CHEMICALLY INDUCED


Information in this article was accurate in December 30, 1999. The state of the art may have changed since the publication date. This material is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between you and your doctor. Always discuss treatment options with a doctor who specializes in treating HIV.